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The Effects of Two Influential Early Childhood Interventions on Health and Healthy Behaviour

Conti, G; Heckman, JJ; Pinto, R; (2016) The Effects of Two Influential Early Childhood Interventions on Health and Healthy Behaviour. The Economic Journal , 126 (596) F28-F65. 10.1111/ecoj.12420. Green open access

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Abstract

This article examines the long-term impacts on health and healthy behaviour of two of the oldest and most widely cited US early childhood interventions evaluated by the method of randomisation with long-term follow-up: the Perry Preschool Project (PPP) and the Carolina Abecedarian Project (ABC). There are pronounced gender effects strongly favouring boys, although there are also effects for girls. Dynamic mediation analyses show a significant role played by improved childhood traits, above and beyond the effects of experimentally enhanced adult socioeconomic status. These results show the potential of early life interventions for promoting health.

Type: Article
Title: The Effects of Two Influential Early Childhood Interventions on Health and Healthy Behaviour
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/ecoj.12420
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ecoj.12420
Language: English
Additional information: © 2016 Royal Economic Society. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Conti, G; Heckman, JJ; Pinto, R; (2016) The Effects of Two Influential Early Childhood Interventions on Health and Healthy Behaviour. The Economic Journal , 126 (596) F28-F65, which has been published in final form at 10.1111/ecoj.12420. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Keywords: Randomized Controlled-trial, Young-adult Outcomes, Gender-differences, United-states, Smoking-cessation, Educational Intervention, Noncommunicable Diseases, Social Experiments, Sex-differences, Life-style
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Economics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1538322
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