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Quantifying the Barrier Effect of Roads on Pedestrian Preferences and Behavior

Anciaes, PR; Jones, P; Mindell, J; (2017) Quantifying the Barrier Effect of Roads on Pedestrian Preferences and Behavior. In: Transportation Research Board, , (ed.) 2017 Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers. Transportation Research Board: Washington DC, USA. Green open access

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Abstract

Roads and motorized traffic are often major barriers to the movement of pedestrians. This paper proposes a new method to measure the barrier effect of roads with different characteristics (such as number of lanes, presence of a median strip, traffic density, and traffic speed). The analysis is based on a stated preference survey administered to residents in the areas around arterial roads in two cities in the United Kingdom. Participants were asked to choose between crossing a road informally (i.e. in a place without designated crossing facilities), walking further and cross in a place where the road is covered over, or avoid crossing altogether. The results of the model of participants' choices were used to generate indicators of the barrier effect, such as trade-off values between the utility of crossing and not crossing the road and the probabilities of crossing informally and of giving up crossing. It was found that participants are willing to walk further or, in some extreme cases, to give up crossing the road, in order to avoid crossing the road informally, especially if the road has more than two lanes in each direction, is without a median strip, and with a high traffic density. Traffic speeds did not have a significant influence on participants' choices. Women and older participants are more averse to crossing the road informally than younger participants, for each possible combination of road characteristics. The estimated indicators can be integrated in tools for the use of local governments or community groups.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: Quantifying the Barrier Effect of Roads on Pedestrian Preferences and Behavior
Event: Transportation Research Board 96th Annual Meeting
Location: Washington DC, USA
Dates: 08 January 2017 - 12 January 2017
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: http://amonline.trb.org/63532-trb-1.3393340/t017-1...
Language: English
Additional information: Anciaes, PR; Jones, P; Mindell, J; (2017) Quantifying the barrier effect of main roads on pedestrian preferences and behavior. In: Transportation Research Board, (Proceedings) Transportation Research Board 96th Annual Meeting. Transportation Research Board: Washington DC, USA. Abstract posted with permission of TRB. For complete paper, please link to http://amonline.trb.org/63532-trb-1.3393340/t017-1.3406062/889-1.3406063/17-02424-1.3406066/17-02424-1.3406067?qr=1.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Civil, Environ and Geomatic Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1538053
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