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A Search for Ultra-High Energy Neutrinos and Cosmic Rays with ANITA-3

Strutt, BAF; (2017) A Search for Ultra-High Energy Neutrinos and Cosmic Rays with ANITA-3. Doctoral thesis , UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

The Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA) is a balloon borne radio inter- ferometer, designed to detect the impulsive Askaryan radiation created by ultra-high energy neutrinos interacting in the ice sheets of Antarctica. Previous flights of the experiment have demonstrated an unexpected sensitivity to cosmic rays, detecting the radio emission from geo-magnetically induced transverse currents in extended air showers. The third flight of ANITA (ANITA-3) took place during the austral summer of 2014-15. In this thesis I present two contributions to the ANITA-3 experiment, the tim- ing calibration of the digitizer electronics, and my implementation of a real-time interferometric event prioritizer using a GPU flown with the experiment. Finally, I present a search for neutrinos and cosmic rays in the ANITA-3 data set. No evidence of neutrino interactions is observed, with zero candidate events discovered on a background of 0.11 ± 0.07 leading to the world’s best limit on the ultra-high energy neutrino flux in the energy range 10^19 eV to 10^21 eV. Four isolated, predominantly horizontally polarised events are found in the data. Further work is required to confirm these events have all the properties consistent with radio emission induced by cosmic ray air showers

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Title: A Search for Ultra-High Energy Neutrinos and Cosmic Rays with ANITA-3
Event: UCL (University College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Keywords: ANITA, ultra-high energy neutrino, ultra-high energy cosmic ray
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1537263
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