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Identifying people at higher risk of melanoma across the U.K.: A primary-care-based electronic survey

Usher-Smith, JA; Kassianos, AP; Emery, JD; Abel, GA; Teoh, Z; Hall, S; Neal, RD; ... Walter, FM; + view all (2016) Identifying people at higher risk of melanoma across the U.K.: A primary-care-based electronic survey. British Journal of Dermatology , 176 (4) pp. 939-948. 10.1111/bjd.15181. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Melanoma incidence is rising rapidly worldwide among white populations. Defining higher-risk populations using risk prediction models may help targeted screening and early detection approaches. OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of identifying people at higher risk of melanoma using the Williams self-assessed clinical risk estimation model in U.K. primary care. METHODS: We recruited participants from the waiting rooms of 22 general practices covering a total population of > 240 000 in three U.K. regions: Eastern England, North East Scotland and North Wales. Participants completed an electronic questionnaire using tablet computers. The main outcome was the mean melanoma risk score using the Williams melanoma risk model. RESULTS: Of 9004 people approached, 7742 (86%) completed the electronic questionnaire. The mean melanoma risk score for the 7566 eligible participants was 17·15 ± 8·51, with small regional differences [lower in England compared with Scotland (P = 0·001) and Wales (P < 0·001), mainly due to greater freckling and childhood sunburn among Scottish and Welsh participants]. After weighting to the age and sex distribution, different potential cut-offs would allow between 4% and 20% of the population to be identified as higher risk, and those groups would contain 30% and 60%, respectively of those likely to develop melanoma. CONCLUSIONS: Collecting data on the melanoma risk profile of the general population in U.K. primary care is both feasible and acceptable for patients in a general practice setting, and provides opportunities for new methods of real-time risk assessment and risk stratified cancer interventions.

Type: Article
Title: Identifying people at higher risk of melanoma across the U.K.: A primary-care-based electronic survey
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/bjd.15181
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1111/bjd.15181
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Applied Health Research
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1536701
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