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An exploratory factor analysis and construct validity of the Resident Choice Assessment Scale with paid carers of adults with intellectual disabilities and challenging behaviour in community settings

Ratti, V; Vickerstaff, V; Crabtree, J; Hassiotis, A; (2017) An exploratory factor analysis and construct validity of the Resident Choice Assessment Scale with paid carers of adults with intellectual disabilities and challenging behaviour in community settings. Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities , 10 (3) pp. 198-216. 10.1080/19315864.2016.1277287. Green open access

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The Resident Choice Assessment Scale (RCAS) (Kearney, Durand, & Mindell, 1995) is used to assess choice availability for adults with intellectual disabilities (ID).The aim of the study was to evaluate the psychometric qualities of the RCAS in community settings. The study explored the factor structure, construct validity and internal consistency of the measure to further validate this this tool. METHOD: The study was part of a larger multi-centre randomised controlled trial investigating the effectiveness of Positive Behaviour Support for the reduction of challenging behaviour in adults with ID (Hassiotis et al., 2014). 108 paid carers of adults with ID living in supported accommodation and residential care facilities in urban, rural and semi-rural areas in England completed the RCAS. Exploratory factor analyses were performed and the construct validity and internal consistency of the emerging factors were assessed. RESULTS: Principal Axis Factoring with oblique rotations suggested a scale with two factors (everyday choices and participation in household activities) which explained 45% of the variance; the factors showed favourable construct validity as they identified significant differences between those living in residential care homes compared with supported living; the factors also differentiated between people with different levels of intellectual impairment with less choice and participation in domestic activities for those with more severe ID compared to their counterparts with moderate and mild impairment. Five items did not load onto any factor suggesting that these could be dropped from the scale when administered in community settings, thus resulting in an 18-item measure (RCAS-18). CONCLUSION: The RCAS-18 may provide a useful measure to assess choice availability for people with ID supported by paid carers in the community. The revised measure may be more suitable in capturing choice than the original version for use in community samples.

Type: Article
Title: An exploratory factor analysis and construct validity of the Resident Choice Assessment Scale with paid carers of adults with intellectual disabilities and challenging behaviour in community settings
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/19315864.2016.1277287
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19315864.2016.1277287
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Intellectual disabilities, challenging behaviour, choice, community
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1536276
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