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Family transitions and changes in drinking from adolescence through mid-life

Staff, J; Greene, KM; Maggs, JL; Schoon, I; (2014) Family transitions and changes in drinking from adolescence through mid-life. Addiction , 109 (2) pp. 227-236. 10.1111/add.12394. Green open access

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Abstract

AIMS: To examine how changes in social roles, particularly in the family, predict rises and falls in alcohol consumption from ages 16 to 50 years. DESIGN: Longitudinal data from the National Child Development Study. SETTING: The birth cohort includes 99% of British infants born in 1 week in 1958. Participants After initial assessment of 17,415 infants, the cohort was interviewed at ages 7, 11, 16, 23, 33, 42, 46, and 50. This study uses the six adolescent to adult waves (n = 7212 women, 7377 men). MEASUREMENTS: Alcohol use [i.e. quantity consumed in past week and heavy daily drinking), symptoms of problem drinking (i.e. Cut-down, Annoyed, Guilt, Eye-opener (CAGE)] and social roles (i.e. union formation, parenthood and employment). FINDINGS: Estimates from fixed-effects models demonstrate that alcohol use is lower when women reside with child(ren) under age 5, compared to occasions when they do not [estimate = -0.38, 95% confidence interval (CI) = -0.43, -0.32 for past week units; odds ratio (OR) = 0.47, CI = 0.36, 0.62 for heavy-daily drinking; OR = 0.66, CI = 0.50, 0.87 for CAGE symptoms]. Associations are similar for men (estimate = -0.29, CI = -0.36, -0.23; OR = 0.64, CI = 0.53, 0.77; OR = 0.69, CI = 0.51, 0.94, respectively). When women and men are married, working and residing with young child(ren), past week units (estimate = -0.51, CI = -0.61, -0.41 for women; estimate = -0.34, CI = -0.44, -0.25 for men), heavy-daily drinking (OR = 0.49, CI = 0.30, 0.79 for women; OR = 0.47, CI = 0.35, 0.64 for men) and CAGE (OR = 0.44, CI = 0.23, 0.83 for women; OR = 0.39, CI = 0.18, 0.82 for men) are lower compared to occasions when they are not in these roles. CONCLUSIONS: From late adolescence to mid-life, women and men in Britain are most at risk for higher levels of alcohol consumption and problem drinking when family roles are absent.

Type: Article
Title: Family transitions and changes in drinking from adolescence through mid-life
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/add.12394
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.12394
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Alcohol use, family roles, NCDS
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Social Research Institute
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1536207
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