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Higher Education in Modern Europe

Carpentier, V; (2019) Higher Education in Modern Europe. In: Rury, John L. and Tamura, Eileen H., (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of The History of Education. (pp. 259-274). Oxford University Press: Oxford, UK. Green open access

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Abstract

The paper explores the history of higher education in Europe by considering three intersected dimensions: the global, national and local spaces or geography of higher education; the contours of the higher education system regarding access, participation and institutional differentiation; and the cultural, political, social, economic rationales driving its expansion. Four historical periods are considered: the emergence of the medieval universities and their spread in the feudal order; the demands posed to universities by nation-states and the enlightenment during the early modern period; the impact of the political and industrial revolutions and the crisis of mass higher education since 1918. Overall, articulation between the rationales, shapes and spaces of higher education has changed periodically across history.

Type: Book chapter
Title: Higher Education in Modern Europe
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199340033.013.14
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199340033.013...
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: history, higher education, Europe
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Education, Practice and Society
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1532796
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