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Prognostic utility of the Perugini grading of 99mTc-DPD scintigraphy in transthyretin (ATTR) amyloidosis and its relationship with skeletal muscle and soft tissue amyloid

Hutt, DF; Fontana, M; Burniston, M; Quigley, AM; Petrie, A; Ross, JC; Page, J; ... Gillmore, JD; + view all (2017) Prognostic utility of the Perugini grading of 99mTc-DPD scintigraphy in transthyretin (ATTR) amyloidosis and its relationship with skeletal muscle and soft tissue amyloid. European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging , 18 (12) pp. 1344-1350. 10.1093/ehjci/jew325. Green open access

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Abstract

AIMS: High-grade (Perugini grade 2 or 3) cardiac uptake on bone scintigraphy with 99mTechnetium labelled 3,3-diphosphono-1,2-propanodicarboxylic acid (99mTc-DPD) has lately been confirmed to have high diagnostic sensitivity and specificity for cardiac transthyretin (ATTR) amyloidosis. We sought to determine whether patient stratification by Perugini grade on 99mTc-DPD scintigraphy has prognostic significance in ATTR amyloidosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patient survival from time of 99mTc-DPD scintigraphy was determined in 602 patients with ATTR amyloidosis, including 377 with wild-type ATTR (ATTRwt) and 225 with mutant ATTR (ATTRm) amyloidosis. Patients were stratified according to Perugini grade (0-3) on 99mTc-DPD scan. The prognostic significance of additional patient and disease-related factors at baseline were determined. In the whole cohort, the finding of a Perugini grade 0 99mTc-DPD scan (n = 28) was invariably associated with absence of cardiac amyloid according to consensus criteria as well as significantly better patient survival compared to a Perugini grade 1 (n = 28), 2 (n = 436) or 3 (n = 110) 99mTc-DPD scan (P < 0.005). There were no differences in survival between patients with a grade 1, grade 2 or grade 3 99mTc-DPD scan in ATTRwt (n = 369), V122I-associated ATTRm (n = 92) or T60A–associated ATTRm (n = 59) amyloidosis. Cardiac amyloid burden, determined by equilibrium contrast cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, was similar between patients with Perugini grade 2 and Perugini grade 3 99mTc-DPD scans but skeletal muscle/soft tissue to femur ratio was substantially higher in the latter group (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: 99mTc-DPD scintigraphy is exquisitely sensitive for identification of cardiac ATTR amyloid, but stratification by Perugini grade of positivity at diagnosis has no prognostic significance.

Type: Article
Title: Prognostic utility of the Perugini grading of 99mTc-DPD scintigraphy in transthyretin (ATTR) amyloidosis and its relationship with skeletal muscle and soft tissue amyloid
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/ehjci/jew325
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1093/ehjci/jew325
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: ATTR amyloidosis, prognosis, 99mTc-DPD, Perugini grade, skeletal muscle, soft tissue
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Inflammation
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Renal Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1532781
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