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Cost-effective decarbonization in the EU: an overview of policy suitability

Drummond, PT; Ekins, P; (2017) Cost-effective decarbonization in the EU: an overview of policy suitability. Climate Policy , 17 (S1) S51-S71. 10.1080/14693062.2016.1258634. Green open access

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Abstract

This article seeks to provide an overview of the potential ability of the current EU climate policy suite to deliver a cost-effective, low-carbon transition, based on the sectoral characteristics of such a transition projected by four modelling studies for 2030 and 2050. Assessments are made on a sectoral level, based on theoretical considerations and the empirical literature. In the power generation and industry sectors, reforms to the EU ETS (EU Emission Trading System) are unlikely to achieve their stated objectives; however they are likely to induce abatement commensurate with minimum requirements. A more pressing issue in the power sector is electricity market design, currently incompatible with increasing penetration of renewables. In the industry sector, the continuation of free permit allocation into Phase 4 of the EU ETS is likely to prevent substantial change in the short to medium term. In the residential building and passenger car sectors, practical underachievement despite reported compliance against the targets set by their primary instruments, along with a lack of instrument credibility, long-term clarity and requirements, may prove substantial barriers to achieving required milestones. The presence of non-climate policy instruments that act to dull the effect of the climate policy landscape, or induce perverse financial incentives, is also a significant obstacle.

Type: Article
Title: Cost-effective decarbonization in the EU: an overview of policy suitability
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/14693062.2016.1258634
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14693062.2016.1258634
Language: English
Additional information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Climate Policy on 14 Dec 2016, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/14693062.2016.1258634.
Keywords: energy scenarios, mitigation scenarios, policy instruments, policy measures, sectoral emissions
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1532776
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