UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Effects of a Conversation-based Intervention on the Linguistic Skills of Children with Motor Speech Disorders who Use Augmentative and Alternative Communication

Soto, G; Clarke, MT; (2017) Effects of a Conversation-based Intervention on the Linguistic Skills of Children with Motor Speech Disorders who Use Augmentative and Alternative Communication. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research , 60 pp. 1980-1998. 10.1044/2016_JSLHR-L-15-0246. Green open access

[thumbnail of Clarke_Conversation-based-Intervention-Full Final Accepted.pdf]
Preview
Text
Clarke_Conversation-based-Intervention-Full Final Accepted.pdf

Download (957kB) | Preview

Abstract

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of a conversation-based intervention on the expressive vocabulary and grammatical skills of children with severe motor speech disorders and expressive language delay who use augmentative and alternative communication. METHOD: Eight children aged from 8 to 13 years participated in the study. After a baseline period, a conversation-based intervention was provided for each participant, in which they were supported to learn and use linguistic structures essential for the formation of clauses and the grammaticalization of their utterances, such as pronouns, verbs, and bound morphemes, in the context of personally meaningful and scaffolded conversations with trained clinicians. The conversations were videotaped, transcribed, and analyzed using the Systematic Analysis of Language Transcripts (SALT; Miller & Chapman, 1991). RESULTS: Results indicate that participants showed improvements in their use of spontaneous clauses, and a greater use of pronouns, verbs, and bound morphemes. These improvements were sustained and generalized to conversations with familiar partners. CONCLUSION: The results demonstrate the positive effects of the conversation-based intervention for improving the expressive vocabulary and grammatical skills of children with severe motor speech disorders and expressive language delay who use augmentative and alternative communication. Clinical and theoretical implications of conversation-based interventions are discussed and future research needs are identified.

Type: Article
Title: Effects of a Conversation-based Intervention on the Linguistic Skills of Children with Motor Speech Disorders who Use Augmentative and Alternative Communication
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1044/2016_JSLHR-L-15-0246
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2016_JSLHR-L-15-0246
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Language and Cognition
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1531991
Downloads since deposit
105Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item