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Commonwealth of Independent States: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan

Ledeneva, Alena; (2003) Commonwealth of Independent States: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan. In: Hodess, R and Inowlocki, T and Wolfe, T, (eds.) Global Corruption Report 2003: Access to Information. (pp. 165-176). Profile Books: London, UK. Green open access

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Abstract

Throughout the region, anti-corruption initiatives begin, characteristically, from the top and, despite the increasing role of democratic institutions, independent media and NGOs, the speed of implementation is determined and controlled by political heads of states. Pressure from international lending agencies and donors is undoubtedly significant: the governments of Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia and Turkmenistan all adopted anti-corruption rhetoric in 2002. What are absent are more effective ways of translating the rhetoric into consistent and effective programmes that address corruption.

Type: Book chapter
Title: Commonwealth of Independent States: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan
ISBN-13: 9781861974761
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: https://www.transparency.org/en/publications/globa...
Language: English
Additional information: © Transparency International 2003. Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC BY-ND 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/).
Keywords: global, report, STATE, STATES
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > SSEES
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1531177
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