UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Coronary heart disease and risk factors as predictors of trajectories of psychological distress from midlife to old age.

Virtanen, M; Elovainio, M; Josefsson, K; Batty, GD; Singh-Manoux, A; Kivimäki, M; (2016) Coronary heart disease and risk factors as predictors of trajectories of psychological distress from midlife to old age. Heart 10.1136/heartjnl-2016-310207. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
Heart-2016-Virtanen-heartjnl-2016-310207.pdf - Published version

Download (351kB) | Preview

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To examine coronary heart disease (CHD) and its risk factors as predictors of long-term trajectories of psychological distress from midlife to old age. METHODS: In the Whitehall II cohort study, 6890 participants (4814 men, 2076 women; mean age 49.5 years) had up to seven repeat assessments of psychological distress over 21 years (mean follow-up 19 years). CHD and its risk factors (lifestyle-related risk factors, diabetes, hypertension and cholesterol) were assessed at baseline. Group-based trajectory modelling was used to identify clusters of individuals with a similar pattern of psychological distress over time. RESULTS: We identified four trajectories of psychological distress over the follow-up: 'persistently low' (69% of the participants), 'persistently intermediate' (13%), 'intermediate to low' (12%) and 'persistently high' (7%). The corresponding proportions were 60%, 16%, 13% and 11% among participants with CHD; 63%, 15%, 12% and 10% among smokers and 63%, 16%, 12% and 10% among obese participants. In multivariable adjusted multinomial regression analyses comparing other trajectories to persistently low trajectory, prevalent CHD was associated with intermediate to low (OR 1.70, 95% CI 1.08 to 2.68) and persistently high (OR 1.92, 95% CI 1.16 to 3.19) trajectories. Smoking (OR 1.33, 95% CI 1.07 to 1.64; OR 1.55, 95% CI 1.19 to 2.04) and obesity (OR 1.33, 95% CI 1.04 to 1.70; OR 1.47, 95% CI 1.07 to 2.01) were associated with persistently intermediate and persistently high trajectories, respectively. CONCLUSION: CHD, smoking and obesity may have a role in the development of long-lasting psychological distress from midlife to old age.

Type: Article
Title: Coronary heart disease and risk factors as predictors of trajectories of psychological distress from midlife to old age.
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1136/heartjnl-2016-310207
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2016-310207
Language: English
Additional information: This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt and build upon this work, for commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1530628
Downloads since deposit
47Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item