UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

A family of membrane-shaping proteins at ER subdomains regulates pre-peroxisomal vesicle biogenesis

Joshi, AS; Huang, X; Choudhary, V; Levine, TP; Hu, J; Prinz, WA; (2016) A family of membrane-shaping proteins at ER subdomains regulates pre-peroxisomal vesicle biogenesis. Journal of Cell Biology , 215 (4) pp. 515-529. 10.1083/jcb.201602064. Green open access

[thumbnail of Levine_515.full.pdf]
Preview
Text
Levine_515.full.pdf

Download (3MB) | Preview

Abstract

Saccharomyces cerevisiae contains three conserved reticulon and reticulon-like proteins that help maintain ER structure by stabilizing high membrane curvature in ER tubules and the edges of ER sheets. A mutant lacking all three proteins has dramatically altered ER morphology. We found that ER shape is restored in this mutant when Pex30p or its homologue Pex31p is overexpressed. Pex30p can tubulate membranes both in cells and when reconstituted into proteoliposomes, indicating that Pex30p is a novel ER-shaping protein. In contrast to the reticulons, Pex30p is low abundance, and we found that it localizes to subdomains in the ER. We show that these ER subdomains are the sites where most preperoxisomal vesicles (PPVs) are generated. In addition, overproduction or deletion of Pex30p or Pex31p alters the size, shape, and number of PPVs. Our findings suggest that Pex30p and Pex31p help shape and generate regions of the ER where PPV biogenesis occurs.

Type: Article
Title: A family of membrane-shaping proteins at ER subdomains regulates pre-peroxisomal vesicle biogenesis
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1083/jcb.201602064
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.201602064
Language: English
Additional information: This article is distributed under the terms of an Attribution–Noncommercial–Share Alike–No Mirror Sites license for the first six months after the publication date (see http://www.rupress.org/terms). After six months it is available under a Creative Commons License (Attribution–Noncommercial–Share Alike 3.0 Unported license, as described at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/).
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1530192
Downloads since deposit
91Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item