UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Language Development and Impairment in Children with Mild to Moderate Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Halliday, LF; Tuomainen, O; Rosen, S; (2017) Language Development and Impairment in Children with Mild to Moderate Sensorineural Hearing Loss. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research , 60 pp. 1551-1567. 10.1044/2016_JSLHR-L-16-0297. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
Halliday_et_al-2017-Journal_of_Speech%2C_Language%2C_and_Hearing_Research.pdf - Published version

Download (304kB) | Preview

Abstract

PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to examine language development and factors related to language impairments in children with mild to moderate sensorineural hearing loss (MMHL). METHOD: Ninety children, aged 8–16 years (46 children with MMHL; 44 aged-matched controls), were administered a battery of standardized language assessments, including measures of phonological processing, receptive and expressive vocabulary and grammar, word and nonword reading, and parental report of communication skills. Group differences were examined after controlling for nonverbal ability. RESULTS: Children with MMHL performed as well as controls on receptive vocabulary and word and nonword reading. They also performed within normal limits, albeit significantly worse than controls, on expressive vocabulary, and on receptive and expressive grammar, and worse than both controls and standardized norms on phonological processing and parental report of communication skills. However, there was considerable variation in performance, with 26% showing evidence of clinically significant oral or written language impairments. Poor performance was not linked to severity of hearing loss nor age of diagnosis. Rather, outcomes were related to nonverbal ability, maternal education, and presence/absence of family history of language problems. CONCLUSIONS: Clinically significant language impairments are not an inevitable consequence of MMHL. Risk factors appear to include lower maternal education and family history of language problems, whereas nonverbal ability may constitute a protective factor.

Type: Article
Title: Language Development and Impairment in Children with Mild to Moderate Sensorineural Hearing Loss
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1044/2016_JSLHR-L-16-0297
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2016_JSLHR-L-16-0297
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Speech, Hearing and Phonetic Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1529306
Downloads since deposit
133Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item