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Use of aids for smoking cessation and alcohol reduction: A population survey of adults in England

Beard, EV; Brown, J; Michie, S; Kaner, E; Meier, P; West, R; (2016) Use of aids for smoking cessation and alcohol reduction: A population survey of adults in England. BMC Public Health , 16 , Article 1237. 10.1186/s12889-016-3862-7. Green open access

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Abstract

Background: It is important for policy planning to chart the methods smokers and high-risk drinkers use to help them change their behaviour. This study assessed prevalence of use, and characteristics of users, of support for smoking cessation and alcohol reduction in England. / Methods: Data were used from the Smoking and Alcohol Toolkit Studies, which involve monthly face-to-face computer-assisted interviews of adults aged 16+ in England. We included the data collected between June 2014 and July 2015 on the 1600 smokers who have made at least one quit attempt and 911 high-risk drinkers (defined as scores >8+ on the full AUDIT or 5+ on questions 1-3 of the AUDIT-C) who have made an attempt to cut down in the past 12 months. Participants provided information on their socio-demographic characteristics and use of aids during their most recent quit attempt including pharmacotherapy, face-to-face counselling, telephone support, self-help materials (digital and printed), and complementary medicine. / Results: A total of 60.3% of smokers used aids in the past year, compared with just 14.9% of high-risk drinkers. Use of pharmacotherapy was high among smokers and very low among drinkers (56.0%versus1.2%). Use of other aids was low for both behaviours: face-to-face counselling (2.6%versus4.8%), self-help materials (1.4%versus3.7%) and complementary medicine (1.0%versus0.5%). Use of aids was more common among smokers aged 25-54 compared with 16-24 year olds (25-34,ORadj1.49,p=0.012; 35-44,ORadj1.93,p<0.001; 35-44,ORadj1.93,p<0.001; 45-54,ORadj1.66,p=0.008), with cigarette consumption >10 relative to <1 (10-20,ORadj2.47,p=0.011; >20,ORadj4.23,p=0.001), and less common among ethnic minorities (ORadj0.69,p=0.026). For alcohol reduction, use of aids was higher among ethnic minority groups (ORadj2.41;p=0.015), and those of social-grade D/E relative to AB (ORadj2.29,p=0.012&ORadj3.13,p<0.001). / Conclusion: In England, the use of pharmacotherapy is prevalent for smoking cessation but not alcohol reduction. Other aids are used at a low rate, with face-to-face counselling being more common for alcohol reduction than smoking cessation.

Type: Article
Title: Use of aids for smoking cessation and alcohol reduction: A population survey of adults in England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1186/s12889-016-3862-7
Publisher version: https://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-3862-7
Language: English
Additional information: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
Keywords: smoking, alcohol, high-risk drinking, Smoking Toolkit Study, Alcohol Toolkit Study, treatment, pharmacotherapy, behavioural support
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Behavioural Science and Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1529146
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