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Prevalence of anxiety disorders in community dwelling older adults in Hong Kong

Fung, AW; Chan, WC; Wong, CS; Chen, EY; Ng, RM; Lee, EH; Chang, WC; ... Hong Kong Mental Morbidity Survey Team, .; + view all (2017) Prevalence of anxiety disorders in community dwelling older adults in Hong Kong. International Psychogeriatrics , 29 (2) pp. 259-267. 10.1017/S1041610216001617. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are prevalent yet under-recognized in late life. We examined the prevalence of anxiety disorders in a representative sample of community dwelling older adults in Hong Kong. METHOD: Data on 1,158 non-demented respondents aged 60-75 years were extracted from the Hong Kong Mental Morbidity survey (HKMMS). Anxiety was assessed with the revised Clinical Interview Schedule (CIS-R). RESULT: One hundred and thirty-seven respondents (11.9%, 95% CI = 10-13.7%) had common mental disorders with a CIS-R score of 12 or above. 8% (95% CI = 6.5-9.6%) had anxiety, 2.2% (95% CI = 1.3-3%) had an anxiety disorder comorbid with depressive disorder, and 1.7% (95% CI = 1-2.5%) had depression. Anxious individuals were more likely to be females (χ 2 = 25.3, p < 0.001), had higher chronic physical burden (t = -9.3, p < 0.001), lower SF-12 physical functioning score (t = 9.2, p < 0.001), and poorer delayed recall (t = 2.3, p = 0.022). The risk of anxiety was higher for females (OR 2.8, 95% C.I. 1.7-4.6, p < 0.001) and those with physical illnesses (OR 1.4, 95% C.I. 1.3-1.6, p < 0.001). The risk of anxiety disorders increased in those with disorders of cardiovascular (OR 1.9, 95% C.I. 1.2-2.9, p = 0.003), musculoskeletal (OR 2.0, 95% C.I. 1.5-2.7, p < 0.001), and genitourinary system (OR 2.0, 95% C.I. 1.3-3.2, p = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of anxiety disorders in Hong Kong older population was 8%. Female gender and those with poor physical health were at a greater risk of developing anxiety disorders. Our findings also suggested potential risk for early sign of memory impairment in cognitively healthy individuals with anxiety disorders.

Type: Article
Title: Prevalence of anxiety disorders in community dwelling older adults in Hong Kong
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1017/S1041610216001617
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610216001617
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Anxiety disorders, cognitive function, community, early sign, memory, mental health, older adults, prevalence
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > IoN RLW Inst of Neurological Sci
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1528212
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