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Social justice and the gap between potential and realized accessibility

Anciaes, PR; (2014) Social justice and the gap between potential and realized accessibility. In: (Proceedings) Bridging The Implementation Gap of Accessibility Instruments And Planning Support Instruments: [Joint Conference of] COST TU1002 final conference/CITTA 7th Annual Conference on Planning Research, 23-24 October 2014, Porto, Portugal. Green open access

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Abstract

Accessibility is increasingly regarded as an object of social distribution, but the applicability of this premise to public policy depends on the extent to which the indicators of accessibility used actually measure people’s wellbeing. This paper addresses this question by studying social inequalities in the realization of the accessibility potential offered by the places where people live. The hypothesis is that social differences in observed commuting outcomes depend not only on the locations of residences, employment centres, and transport facilities, but also on the daily destinations and travel modes of the population in each neighbourhood. The analysis relates demographic and socio-economic variables with indicators of job accessibility and commuting outcomes, and incorporates aspects that are often neglected in the estimation of commuting time, such as road congestion, walking trips, and public transport schedules, waiting and interchange time. This approach is used to assess the effect of a series of projects that radically expanded the road network in the Lisbon metropolitan area. The results suggest that inequalities are explained by a mix of geographic factors related with transport policy and of household decisions that are the product of wider economic and social forces. These findings have implications in the debate regarding the role of urban policy in addressing social justice.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: Social justice and the gap between potential and realized accessibility
Event: Bridging The Implementation Gap of Accessibility Instruments And Planning Support Instruments: [Joint Conference of] COST TU1002 final conference/CITTA 7th Annual Conference on Planning Research, 23-24 October 2014, Porto, Portugal
Location: Porto, Portugal
Dates: 23 October 2014 - 24 October 2014
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: http://www.accessibilityplanning.eu/final-conferen...
Language: English
Additional information: Parallel session: A2.1: Accessibility and Equity (special session of NECTAR Cluster 6)
Keywords: Urban transport; social justice; job accessibility; commuting time; network travel times
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Civil, Environ and Geomatic Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1527808
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