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Social impacts of road traffic: perceptions and priorities of local residents

Anciaes, PR; Metcalfe, PJ; Heywood, C; (2017) Social impacts of road traffic: perceptions and priorities of local residents. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal , 35 (2) pp. 172-183. 10.1080/14615517.2016.1269464. Green open access

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Abstract

The assessment of the social impacts of road traffic is usually based on objective indicators or on expert judgement, without input from the affected communities. This paper considers the perceptions and priorities of local residents about traffic impacts and possible mitigation measures, using as a case study a rural area that will be affected by traffic associated with the construction of a nuclear power station. The study consisted of a qualitative phase followed by a stated preference survey. Econometric models were used to measure the relative priority of different impacts and mitigation measures. The most impactful aspects were noise, vibration, and increased car or bus travel times. The most preferred measures were night-time restrictions to HGVs, parking restrictions, and safety measures for pedestrians and cyclists. There were significant differences in preferences according to residence location, gender, employment status, and household composition. The results provide information about aspects that tend to be aggregated in existing assessment frameworks, separating the reduction of the utility of some activities (like walking and driving) and the suppression of those activities.

Type: Article
Title: Social impacts of road traffic: perceptions and priorities of local residents
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/14615517.2016.1269464
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14615517.2016.1269464
Language: English
Additional information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal on 26 Dec 2016, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/14615517.2016.1269464
Keywords: Social impacts of traffic, traffic impact assessment, traffic control, stated preference
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Civil, Environ and Geomatic Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1527704
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