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Targeted intraoperative radiotherapy tumour bed boost during breast conserving surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy

Kolberg, HC; Loevey, G; Akpolat-Basci, L; Stephanou, L; Fasching, PA; Untch, M; Liedtke, C; ... Vaidya, JS; + view all (2016) Targeted intraoperative radiotherapy tumour bed boost during breast conserving surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Strahlentherapie und Onkologie , 193 (1) pp. 62-69. 10.1007/s00066-016-1072-y. Green open access

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Abstract

Introduction: The use of targeted intraoperative radiotherapy (TARGIT-IORT) as a tumour bed boost during breast conserving surgery (BCS) for breast cancer has been reported since 1998. We present its use in patients undergoing breast conservation following neoadjuvant therapy (NACT). / Method: In this retrospective study involving 116 patients after NACT we compared outcomes of 61 patients who received a tumour bed boost with IORT during lumpectomy versus 55 patients treated in the previous 13 months with external (EBRT) boost. All patients received whole breast radiotherapy. Local recurrence free survival (LRFS), disease free survival (DFS), distant disease free survival (DDFS), breast-cancer mortality (BCM), non-breast-cancer mortality (NBCM) and overall mortality (OS) were compared. / Results: Median follow up was 49 months. The differences in LRFS, DFS and BCM were not statistically significant. The 5-year Kaplan-Meier estimate of OS was significantly better by 15% with IORT: IORT 2 events 96.7%(95%CI 87.5 – 99.2), EBRT 9 events 81.7% (95%CI 67.6 – 90.1), HR 0.19 (0.04 – 0.87), log rank p = 0.016, mainly due to a reduction of 10.1% in NBCM: IORT 100%, EBRT 89.9% (77.3 – 95.7), HR (not calculable), log rank p=0.015. The DDFS was: IORT 3 events, 95.1% (85.5-98.4), EBRT 12 events, 69.0% (49.1 – 82.4), HR 0.23 (0.06-0.80), log rank p=0.012. Conclusion: IORT during lumpectomy after neoadjuvant chemotherapy as a tumour bed boost appears to give results that are not worse than external beam radiotherapy boost. These data give further support to the inclusion of such patients in the TARGIT-B (Boost) randomised trial that is testing whether IORT Boost is superior to EBRT Boost.

Type: Article
Title: Targeted intraoperative radiotherapy tumour bed boost during breast conserving surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s00066-016-1072-y
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1007/s00066-016-1072-y
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Targeted Intervention
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1527419
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