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HYD verifications using numerical methods

Katsigiannis, G; Ferreira, PMV; Fuentes, R; (2017) HYD verifications using numerical methods. Georisk: Assessment and Management of Risk for Engineered Systems and Geohazards 10.1080/17499518.2016.1269182. (In press). Green open access

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HYD, as described in Eurocode 7 (EC7), is related to the upward flow of water through the soil towards a free surface, such as in front of a retaining wall or in the base of an excavation. The HYD verification, using numerical analysis, can be performed with two different approaches. The first approach is the conventional soil block approach where safety may be checked by calculating the equilibrium of a rectangular block of soil. The second approach is the integration point approach where stability can be verified at every integration point in the numerical analysis by checking that the equilibrium is satisfied for a soil column of negligible width above each point. In this paper, the two approaches are described and their advantages and disadvantages are discussed. Comparisons made using benchmark geometries, extensively studied and discussed between the members of the EC7 Evolution Group 9, on Water Pressures, illustrate that the HYD verification using numerical methods seems very promising. Thorough comparisons between the factors from the two approaches allow designers to better understand the benefits of using more advanced and robust approaches for such stability verifications.

Type: Article
Title: HYD verifications using numerical methods
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/17499518.2016.1269182
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17499518.2016.1269182
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: HYD, hydraulic heave, Eurocode 7, water pressures
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Civil, Environ and Geomatic Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1527082
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