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Hypertension and its identification among current, past and never smokers in an English population sample

Shahab, L; Mindell, J; Poulter, NR; West, R; (2010) Hypertension and its identification among current, past and never smokers in an English population sample. European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation , 17 (1) 63 - 70. 10.1097/HJR.0b013e32832f3b42. Green open access

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Abstract

Background Clinical guidelines recommend prioritizing efforts to treat hypertension in people with other cardiovascular risk factors, including smoking, but few contemporary data are available on awareness of hypertension among smokers. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of hypertension awareness in hypertensive smokers and its association with receiving and acting on advice to stop smoking.Design Cross-sectional surveys in 2003 and 2006.Methods Data, including socio-demographic, lifestyle and smoking characteristics and provision of advice to stop smoking were collected from 20 202 adults participating in the Health Survey for England. Self-report was used to determine awareness of hypertension; blood pressure readings were taken by a trained nurse to identify hypertension objectively.Results Current smokers with objectively defined hypertension were less aware of their hypertension than hypertensive past or never smokers: only half of hypertensive smokers reported having received a diagnosis with hypertension [51.3%, 95% confidence interval (CI): 48.8-53.8]. After adjustment for confounding, this difference in awareness between current and past smokers remained significant [odds ratio (OR): 1.32, 95% CI: 1.12-1.55] but became nonsignificant when comparing current and never smokers (OR: 1.05, 95% CI: 0.88-1.25). However, hypertension awareness increased between 2003 and 2006 irrespective of smoking status. After adjusting for confounders, smokers aware of their hypertension were more likely to have received advice to stop smoking (OR: 3.29, 95% CI: 2.59-4.18) and to have stopped smoking (OR: 1.58, 95% CI: 1.32-1.89) than smokers unaware of their hypertension.Conclusion The diagnosis of hypertension is picked up less frequently among smokers than nonsmokers. This is particularly important because receiving a diagnosis seems to motivate cessation. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 17:63-70 (C) 2010 The European Society of Cardiology

Type: Article
Title: Hypertension and its identification among current, past and never smokers in an English population sample
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1097/HJR.0b013e32832f3b42
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/HJR.0b013e32832f3b42
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright 2010 The European Society of Cardiology
Keywords: hypertension, prevention and control, risk factors, smoking, smoking cessation, SMOKING-CESSATION, CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE, CIGARETTE-SMOKING, BLOOD-PRESSURE, RISK-FACTOR, HEALTH, MANAGEMENT, GUIDELINES, INDEX, TIME
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Behavioural Science and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/152369
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