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State education, crisis and austerity : an historical analysis through the lens of the Kondratiev cycles

Carpentier, V; (2014) State education, crisis and austerity : an historical analysis through the lens of the Kondratiev cycles. In: Education and the state : international perspectives on a changing relationship. (pp. 78-102). Routledge: Abingdon, United Kingdom. Green open access

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Abstract

During hard times, the public educational system is often blamed for not reinforcing social cohesion, for not supporting productivity, and for being a financial burden for growth. However, the analysis at the interface of political economy and history of education developed in this paper suggests that, from a historical point of view, the relationship between austerity and crisis is not as straightforward as it might seem today. The lens of the long economic cycles shows that, before the Second World War, the growth of state education used to take place during economic crises as a key part of a broader historical expansion of a social infrastructure of human development, which played a key role in reducing the tensions between inequality and economic performance. Thus, the successive hases of historical expansion of public educational systems were responses (and indeed solutions) to socioeconomic crises, rather than their cause. Such mechanisms contrast with the austerity policies which have been implement to address the various economic crises which have unfolded since the mid 1970s. Therefore, there could be a historical case we can refer to when attempting to develop countercyclical public policy today.

Type: Book chapter
Title: State education, crisis and austerity : an historical analysis through the lens of the Kondratiev cycles
ISBN: 1138777854
ISBN-13: 9781138777859
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: http://eprints.ioe.ac.uk/19079/
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Education, crisis, austerity, economic cycles, funding.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Education, Practice and Society
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1522639
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