UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

What causes patronage reform? It depends on the type of civil service reform

Schuster, JWC; (2016) What causes patronage reform? It depends on the type of civil service reform. Public Administration , 94 (4) pp. 1094-1104. 10.1111/padm.12280. Green open access

[thumbnail of Schuster - What Causes Patronage Reform.pdf]
Preview
Text
Schuster - What Causes Patronage Reform.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (681kB) | Preview

Abstract

Public employment in most developing countries is governed by political patronage. Patronage provides many incumbents with governability and electoral advantage. What causes governments to forsake patronage in favour of civil service reform? This article reviews scholarly explanations. It finds that studies usefully identify diverse socioeconomic and political-institutional factors which can affect reform incentives. The causal effects of these factors – their weight, mechanisms and signs – are contested, however. This article partially resolves this contestation by considering which reform studies explain: different bureaucratic structures develop asynchronously and feature different determinants. To illustrate, political competition is argued to incentivize reform to ‘blanket in’ party appointees; or do the opposite by reducing expectations to reap longer-term state capacity benefits. Yet, ‘blanketing in’ necessitates bureaucratic job stability, while state capacity requires merit recruitment of skilled bureaucrats – two poorly correlated reforms. The causes of patronage reform thus depend on the type of civil service reform.

Type: Article
Title: What causes patronage reform? It depends on the type of civil service reform
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/padm.12280
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/padm.12280
Language: English
Additional information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Schuster, JWC; (2016) What causes patronage reform? It depends on the type of civil service reform, Public Administration, which has been published in final form at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/padm.12280. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving (http://olabout.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-828039.html#terms).
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Political Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1522260
Downloads since deposit
163Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item