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Plastering the Prehistory: Marl as a unique material to cover, maintain and decorate the Neolithic walls of Catalhöyük.

Siddall, R; Çamurcuoglu, D; (2016) Plastering the Prehistory: Marl as a unique material to cover, maintain and decorate the Neolithic walls of Catalhöyük. In: Papayianni, I and Stefanidou, M and Pachta, V, (eds.) (Proceedings) 4th Historic Mortars Conference HMC2016, 10th-12th October 2016, Santorini, Greece. (pp. pp. 482-489). Laboratory of Building Materials Department of Civil Engineering Aristotle University of Thessaloniki: Thessaloniki, Greece. Green open access

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Abstract

Çatalhöyük (World Heritage site, c.7400 BC) is a renowned Neolithic site in central Anatolia, Turkey on account of its size, well-preserved mudbrick architecture and wall art. The current international project led by Professor Ian Hodder has been continuing since the 1990’s and the studies showed that people of Çatalhöyük were highly aware of their natural environment and knew how to skillfully modify their resources to develop various material technologies according to their needs. One of the most important material technologies evident at Çatalhöyük makes the site unique within the Neolithic Anatolia and the Near East is the use of ‘Marl’ as a plastering material to cover the internal surfaces of the mudbrick walls. This paper is based on the most recent research undertaken on the technology of the Çatalhöyük wall ‘plasters’ and paintings and will aim to look at what it is meant by ‘plaster and plastering’ in the context of Neolithic Çatalhöyük, identify materials and their characteristics, define the areas of use and terminologies between the different materials and answer some of the controversial questions on the Çatalhöyük wall plasters, such as the use of true lime plaster.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: Plastering the Prehistory: Marl as a unique material to cover, maintain and decorate the Neolithic walls of Catalhöyük.
Event: 4th Historic Mortars Conference HMC2016, 10th-12th October 2016, Santorini, Greece
Location: Santorini, Greece
Dates: 10 October 2016 - 12 October 2016
ISBN-13: 9789609992237
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Keywords: Catalhöyük, Neolithic, Mud Plaster, Wall Paintings
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > VP Education
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1521981
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