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Tactical Innovation and the Provisional Irish Republican Army

Gill, P; (2017) Tactical Innovation and the Provisional Irish Republican Army. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism , 40 (7) pp. 573-585. 10.1080/1057610X.2016.1237221. Green open access

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Abstract

This paper provides an overview of Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA) innovations with regards to improvised explosive devices (IEDs). It situates PIRA's tactical innovations within the broad organizational psychology literature focused on the nature and drivers of creativity and innovation. This discussion helps frame the two empirical analyses that follow. The first analysis provides a graphical timeline of PIRA's radical innovations (and their drivers) in relation to IED technology. This helps provide a sense of the specific occasions in which PIRA innovations were numerous and when they were sparse. The second analysis looks at the locations in which PIRA radical innovations debuted. This provides us with an understanding of the specific PIRA units responsible for these innovations. The results demonstrate that whilst PIRA operations spanned the six counties of Northern Ireland for 29 years, radical IED innovations were conceived, developed and initially implemented within only two areas of operations for only seven of those years.

Type: Article
Title: Tactical Innovation and the Provisional Irish Republican Army
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/1057610X.2016.1237221
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2016.1237221
Language: English
Additional information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Studies in Conflict & Terrorism on 16 Sep 2016, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/1057610X.2016.1237221.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Security and Crime Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1521069
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