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The Concepts of Universal Monarchy & Balance of Power in the first Half of the Seventeenth Century – a Case Study

Schröder, P; (2016) The Concepts of Universal Monarchy & Balance of Power in the first Half of the Seventeenth Century – a Case Study. In: Koskenniemi, M and Rech, W and Jiménez Fonseca, M, (eds.) International Law and Empire: Historical Explorations. (pp. 83-100). Oxford University Press: Oxford, UK. Green open access

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Abstract

The struggle for political influence and hegemony in early modern Europe was pursued not solely by military means, but also by a variety of theories which aimed to foster such claims. Universal monarchy and balance of power were the two main concepts employed in the strife, if not for empire, at least for hegemony. This chapter contrasts these two concepts by a case study comparing Discourse Touching the Spanish Monarchy by Tommaso Campanella with the Grand Design by the Duke of Sully, both written in the seventeenth century. Dynastic and confessional allegiances remained to play their part in the ensuing European state system, as can be seen in Campanella’s and Sully’s proposals. However, the Westphalian settlement of 1648 was multi-polar and power relations were increasingly complex, which was reflected in Samuel Pufendorf’s work. A brief look at Pufendorf highlights how political thought developed further in the attempt to understand and organize the increasingly complex European state system.

Type: Book chapter
Title: The Concepts of Universal Monarchy & Balance of Power in the first Half of the Seventeenth Century – a Case Study
ISBN-13: 9780198795575
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198795575.003.0005
Publisher version: https://global.oup.com/academic/product/internatio...
Language: English
Additional information: This is a draft of a chapter that has been accepted for publication by Oxford University Press in the forthcoming book: International Law and Empire: Historical Explorations, edited by Martti Koskenniemi, Walter Rech, and Manuel Jiménez Fonseca, due for publication in 2016.
Keywords: Universal monarchy, balance of power, European state system, hegemony, Tommaso Campanella, Duke of Sully, Samuel Pufendorf
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of History
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1521067
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