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Gentrification in (re)construction: Talca's neighbourhoods post 2010 earthquake

Insulza Contardo, J; Boano, C; Wirshing, C; (2018) Gentrification in (re)construction: Talca's neighbourhoods post 2010 earthquake. International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment , 9 (2) pp. 170-183. 10.1108/IJDRBE-08-2016-0034. Green open access

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Abstract

PURPOSE: This paper aims to explore the complex relationship between post-earthquake reconstruction processes and gentrification in neighborhoods of intermediate cities, calling on the critical role of recovery strategies in altering neighborhoods physical and social urban structure identities. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: The paper uses a case study; the reconstruction process of the neighborhoods post 2010 earthquake in Talca, Chile and analyses in a six year timeline its socio-spatial changes. The latter based on mixed methods; primary data from strategic interviews with key stakeholders, cadasters of land value and real estate housing projects and neighborhood polls, and secondary data from official documents such as plans and policies. FINDINGS: Findings suggest patterns of incipient gentrification are an outcome of the reconstruction strategies. Acknowledging the intricate interplay among urban neoliberal conditions, historical heritage and identities, and post disaster recovery, inadequate housing subsidies and normative plans are causing the displacement of hundreds of historical residents and resistance, arrival of newcomers with higher debt capacity in new housing typologies, and increasing land value. Process related to neoliberal politics of state led new-build gentrification. ORIGINALITY/VALUE: Gentrification and reconstruction are both processes that modify urban structures, society and perceptions, and yet their socio spatial effects have never been studied in a cumulative and integrated manner, even more, in intermediate cities. The value is to rethink the critical role of recovery strategies in halting and containing gentrification in fast transforming secondary cities.

Type: Article
Title: Gentrification in (re)construction: Talca's neighbourhoods post 2010 earthquake
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1108/IJDRBE-08-2016-0034
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1108/IJDRBE-08-2016-0034
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Gentrification, reconstruction, earthquake, intermediate cities, historical neighborhoods.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Development Planning Unit
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1518928
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