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The Anatomy of Inequalities in Educational Achievements: An International Investigation of the Effects of Stratification

Mostafa, T; (2009) The Anatomy of Inequalities in Educational Achievements: An International Investigation of the Effects of Stratification. (LLAKES Research Paper 3). Centre for Learning and Life Chances in Knowledge Economies and Societies (LLAKES), UCL Institute of Education: London, UK. Green open access

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Abstract

This paper analyses the mechanisms of stratification and inequalities in achievements. The main objective is to determine how stratification leads to unequal educational outcomes and how inequalities are channelled through student characteristics, school characteristics and peer effects. On the one hand, a descriptive analysis is used to shed light on the education systems of the five selected countries and to provide insight into the functioning of stratification. The countries are Japan, the UK, Italy, Germany and Finland, and the dataset used is PISA 2003. On the other hand, a multilevel econometric model is elaborated in order to quantify the effects of student, school and peer characteristics on performance scores. The results on the regressions are then interpreted according to the institutional context of each country. In the last section, policy implications, based on the regression results, are derived.

Type: Working / discussion paper
Title: The Anatomy of Inequalities in Educational Achievements: An International Investigation of the Effects of Stratification
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: https://www.llakes.ac.uk/research-papers
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Inequalities in education, PISA data, Comparative analysis, Multilevel modelling
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Social Research Institute
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1518085
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