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Low α-defensin gene copy number increases the risk for IgA nephropathy and renal dysfunction

Ai, Z; Li, M; Liu, W; Foo, JN; Mansouri, O; Yin, P; Zhou, Q; ... Yu, X; + view all (2016) Low α-defensin gene copy number increases the risk for IgA nephropathy and renal dysfunction. Science Translational Medicine , 8 (345) , Article 345ra88. 10.1126/scitranslmed.aaf2106. Green open access

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Abstract

Although a major source of genetic variation, copy number variations (CNVs) and their involvement in disease development have not been well studied. Immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) is the most common primary glomerulonephritis worldwide. We performed association analysis of the DEFA1A3 CNV locus in two independent IgAN cohorts of southern Chinese Han (total of 1189 cases and 1187 controls). We discovered three independent copy number associations within the locus: DEFA1A3 [P = 3.99 × 10(-9); odds ratio (OR), 0.88], DEFA3 (P = 6.55 × 10(-5); OR, 0.82), and a noncoding deletion variant (211bp) (P = 3.50 × 10(-16); OR, 0.75) (OR per copy, fixed-effects meta-analysis). While showing strong association with an increased risk for IgAN (P = 9.56 × 10(-20)), low total copy numbers of the three variants also showed significant association with renal dysfunction in patients with IgAN (P = 0.03; hazards ratio, 3.69; after controlling for the effects of known prognostic factors) and also with increased serum IgA1 (P = 0.02) and galactose-deficient IgA1 (P = 0.03). For replication, we confirmed the associations of DEFA1A3 (P = 4.42 × 10(-4); OR, 0.82) and DEFA3 copy numbers (P = 4.30 × 10(-3); OR, 0.74) with IgAN in a Caucasian cohort (531 cases and 198 controls) and found the 211bp variant to be much rarer in Caucasians. We also observed an association of the 211bp copy number with membranous nephropathy (P = 1.11 × 10(-7); OR, 0.74; in 493 Chinese cases and 500 matched controls), but not with diabetic kidney disease (in 806 Chinese cases and 786 matched controls). By explaining 4.96% of disease risk and influencing renal dysfunction in patients with IgAN, the DEFA1A3 CNV locus may be a potential therapeutic target for developing treatments for this disease.

Type: Article
Title: Low α-defensin gene copy number increases the risk for IgA nephropathy and renal dysfunction
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1126/scitranslmed.aaf2106
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/scitranslmed.aaf2106
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2016 American Association for the Advancement of Science. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of the AAAS for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Science Translational Medicine [29 Jun 2016, Vol. 8, Issue 345, article no: 345ra88, DOI: 10.1126/scitranslmed.aaf2106]
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Nephrology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1514798
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