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The development and validation of the Cluster Headache Quality of life scale (CHQ)

Abu Bakar, N; Torkamani, M; Tanprawate, S; Lambru, G; Matharu, M; Jahanshahi, M; (2016) The development and validation of the Cluster Headache Quality of life scale (CHQ). The Journal of Headache and Pain , 17 , Article 79. 10.1186/s10194-016-0674-1. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cluster headache (CH) is a rare, excruciating and highly disabling primary headache disorder. Using non cluster headache specific measures, previous studies have shown that CH has a significant negative impact on patients’ quality of life (QoL), but a CH-specific QoL scale is currently unavailable. Thus, the objective of this study was to develop and validate a CH-specific QoL scale. METHODS: Based on a literature review, semi-structured patient interviews and expert panel consultation, we produced a 54-item questionnaire, which was pre-tested in a sample of CH patients and subsequently reduced to 47 items. The revised scale was then administered to CH sufferers attending a tertiary headache clinic and those registered with a patient group. A total of 406 completed questionnaires were received. To assess test-retest reliability, a subsample (N = 56) completed the scale on a second occasion, two weeks after the first. Standard statistical methods were used to analyse the data for validity and reliability. RESULTS: Item reduction and exploratory factor analysis led to 28-items, grouped into four subscales labelled “restriction of activities of daily living”, “impact on mood and interpersonal relationships”, “pain and anxiety”, and “lack of vitality”. The final CH-specific QoL scale, the CHQ, demonstrated satisfactory internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha > 0.9) and test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient > 0.8), with good internal construct validity between subscales (range 0.52–0.75) and convergent validity with other QoL measures. CONCLUSIONS: We have developed and validated the first patient-reported outcome measure of QoL specifically for CH sufferers, which may be used to monitor QoL in clinical care and research.

Type: Article
Title: The development and validation of the Cluster Headache Quality of life scale (CHQ)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1186/s10194-016-0674-1
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-016-0674-1
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author(s). 2016. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Clinical Neurology, Neurosciences, Neurosciences & Neurology, Cluster headache, Trigeminal autonomic cephalalgia, Headache, Quality of life, MIGRAINE, QUESTIONNAIRE, INSTRUMENT, BURDEN
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Brain Repair and Rehabilitation
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1514504
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