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Applications of 3D printing in the management of severe spinal conditions

Kalaskar, D; Provaggi, E; Leong, J; (2017) Applications of 3D printing in the management of severe spinal conditions. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine , 231 (6) pp. 471-486. 10.1177/0954411916667761. Green open access

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Abstract

The latest and fastest-growing innovation in the medical field has been the advent of three-dimensional printing technol- ogies, which have recently seen applications in the production of low-cost, patient-specific medical implants. While a wide range of three-dimensional printing systems has been explored in manufacturing anatomical models and devices for the medical setting, their applications are cutting-edge in the field of spinal surgery. This review aims to provide a com- prehensive overview and classification of the current applications of three-dimensional printing technologies in spine care. Although three-dimensional printing technology has been widely used for the construction of patient-specific ana- tomical models of the spine and intraoperative guide templates to provide personalized surgical planning and increase pedicle screw placement accuracy, only few studies have been focused on the manufacturing of spinal implants. Therefore, three-dimensional printed custom-designed intervertebral fusion devices, artificial vertebral bodies and disc substitutes for total disc replacement, along with tissue engineering strategies focused on scaffold constructs for bone and cartilage regeneration, represent a set of promising applications towards the trend of individualized patient care.

Type: Article
Title: Applications of 3D printing in the management of severe spinal conditions
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1177/0954411916667761
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0954411916667761
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Three-dimensional printing, rapid prototyping, spinal surgery, patient-specific, customized spinal implants, intervertebral fusion devices
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Ortho and MSK Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1511344
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