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Movement Disorders Presenting in Childhood.

Kurian, MA; Dale, RC; (2016) Movement Disorders Presenting in Childhood. CONTINUUM: Lifelong Learning in Neurology , 22 (4) pp. 1159-1185. 10.1212/CON.0000000000000367. Green open access

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Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article provides an overview of movement disorders that present in childhood. Key clinical features are discussed, and a brief guide to management strategies is provided. Recent advances in the field of pediatric movement disorders are also a focus of the article. RECENT FINDINGS: Advances in genetic technologies and cell biology have contributed greatly to the elucidation of underlying disease mechanisms in childhood movement disorders. This article discusses the expanding spectrum of both genetic and acquired movement disorders that present in childhood, including benign, acquired, genetic, and psychogenic movement disorders. SUMMARY: Movement disorders in childhood comprise a wide spectrum of both genetic and acquired diseases, ranging from benign self-limiting conditions to more progressive phenotypes associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Elucidation of the underlying cause is achieved through accurate history, detailed clinical examination, review of video footage (including home videos), and, where appropriate, neuroimaging and laboratory investigations. Early accurate diagnosis will facilitate the instigation of appropriate management strategies.

Type: Article
Title: Movement Disorders Presenting in Childhood.
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1212/CON.0000000000000367
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1212/CON.0000000000000367
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © American Academy of Neurology. Unauthorized reproduction of this article is prohibited
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Developmental Neurosciences Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1508904
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