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Exhaled nitric oxide: Not associated with asthma, symptoms, or spirometry in children with sickle cell anemia.

Cohen, RT; Rodeghier, M; Kirkham, FJ; Rosen, CL; Kirkby, J; DeBaun, MR; Strunk, RC; (2016) Exhaled nitric oxide: Not associated with asthma, symptoms, or spirometry in children with sickle cell anemia. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology , 138 (5) 1338-1343.e4. 10.1016/j.jaci.2016.06.043. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The significance of fractional exhaled nitric oxide (Feno) levels in children with sickle cell anemia (SCA) is unclear, but increased levels can be associated with features of asthma and thus increased morbidity. OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine factors associated with Feno and whether Feno levels are associated with increased rates of acute chest syndrome (ACS) and pain. METHODS: All participants had SCA, were part of the prospective observational Sleep and Asthma Cohort study, and had the following assessments: Feno levels, spirometry, blood samples analyzed for hemoglobin, white blood cell counts, eosinophil counts and total serum IgE levels, questionnaires about child medical and family history, and review of medical records. RESULTS: The analytic sample included 131 children with SCA (median age, 11.2 years; age range, 6-18 years) followed for a mean of 16.2 years, including a mean of 5.1 years after baseline Feno data measurements. In multivariable analyses higher Feno levels were associated with ln(IgE) levels (P < .001) and the highest quartile of peripheral eosinophil counts (P = .03) but not wheezing symptoms, baseline spirometric indices, or response to bronchodilator. Multivariable analyses identified that the incident rate of ACS was associated with ln(Feno) levels (P = .03), as well as male sex (P = .025), wheezing causing shortness of breath (P = .002), and ACS at less than 4 years of age (P < .001). Feno levels were not associated with future pain episodes. CONCLUSIONS: Steady-state Feno levels were not associated with an asthma diagnosis, wheezing symptoms, lung function measures, or prior sickle cell morbidity but were associated with markers of atopy and increased risk of future ACS events.

Type: Article
Title: Exhaled nitric oxide: Not associated with asthma, symptoms, or spirometry in children with sickle cell anemia.
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jaci.2016.06.043
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2016.06.043
Language: English
Additional information: © 2016. This manuscript version is published under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Non-derivative 4.0 International licence (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). This licence allows you to share, copy, distribute and transmit the work for personal and non-commercial use providing author and publisher attribution is clearly stated. Further details about CC BY licences are available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0. Access may be initially restricted by the publisher.
Keywords: Sickle cell disease, acute chest syndrome, airway inflammation, asthma, exhaled nitric oxide
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Developmental Neurosciences Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1508854
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