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A synthetic biology standard for Chinese Hamster Ovary cell genome monitoring and contaminant detection by polymerase chain reaction.

Templar, A; Marsh, D; Nesbeth, DN; (2016) A synthetic biology standard for Chinese Hamster Ovary cell genome monitoring and contaminant detection by polymerase chain reaction. SpringerPlus , 5 , Article 1510. 10.1186/s40064-016-3074-8. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells are the current industry standard for production of therapeutic monoclonal antibodies at commercial scales. Production optimisation in CHO cells hinges on analytical technologies such as the use of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to quantify genetic factors within the CHO genome and to detect the presence of contaminant organisms. PCR-based assays, whilst sensitive and accurate, are limited by (i) requiring lengthy sample preparation and (ii) a lack of standardisation. RESULTS: In this study we directly assess for the first time the effect of CHO cellular material on quantitative PCR (qPCR) and end-point PCR (e-pPCR) when used to measure and detect copies of a CHO genomic locus and a mycoplasma sequence. We also perform the first head-to-head comparison of the performance of a conventional qPCR method to that of the novel linear regression of efficiency (LRE) method when used to perform absolute qPCR on CHO-derived material. LRE qPCR features the putatively universal 'CAL1' standard. CONCLUSIONS: We find that sample preparation is required for accurate quantitation of a genomic target locus, but mycoplasma DNA sequences can be detected in the presence of high concentrations of CHO cellular material. The LRE qPCR method matches performance of a conventional qPCR approach and as such we invite the synthetic biology community to adopt CAL1 as a synthetic biology calibration standard for qPCR.

Type: Article
Title: A synthetic biology standard for Chinese Hamster Ovary cell genome monitoring and contaminant detection by polymerase chain reaction.
Location: Switzerland
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1186/s40064-016-3074-8
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40064-016-3074-8
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author(s) 2016. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Keywords: Mammalian cells, PCR, Standardisation, Synthetic biology
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Biochemical Engineering
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1508245
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