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The effect of temperature uncertainty on Proton Exchange Fuel Cell (PEFC) performance

Noorkami, M; (2016) The effect of temperature uncertainty on Proton Exchange Fuel Cell (PEFC) performance. Masters thesis , UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

The temperature of operation is a key parameter in determining the performance and durability of a polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC). Controlling temperature and understanding its distribution and dynamic response is vital for effective operation and design of better systems. The sensitivity to temperature means that uncertainty in this parameter leads to variable response and can mask other factors affecting performance. It is important to be able to determine the impact of temperature uncertainly and quantify how much PEFC operation is influenced under different operating conditions. Here, a simple lumped mathematical model is used to describe PEFC performance under temperature uncertainty. An analytical approach gives a measure of the sensitivity of performance to temperature at different nominal operating temperatures and electrical loadings. Whereas a statistical approach, using Monte Carlo stochastic sampling, provides a ’probability map’ of PEFC polarisation behaviour. As such, a polarisation ’area’ or ’band’ is considered as opposed to a polarisation ’curve’. Results show that temperature variation has the greatest effect at higher currents and lower nominal operating temperatures. Thermal imaging of a commercial air-cooled stack is included to illustrate the temporal and spatial temperature variation exerienced in real systems.

Type: Thesis (Masters)
Title: The effect of temperature uncertainty on Proton Exchange Fuel Cell (PEFC) performance
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Third party copyright material has been removed from ethesis.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Chemical Engineering
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1508157
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