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Shooting Alone: The Pre-Attack Experiences and Behaviors of U.S. Solo Mass Murderers with Implications for Threat Assessments

Gill, P; Silver, J; Horgan, J; Corner, E; (2017) Shooting Alone: The Pre-Attack Experiences and Behaviors of U.S. Solo Mass Murderers with Implications for Threat Assessments. Journal of Forensic Sciences , 62 (3) pp. 710-714. 10.1111/1556-4029.13330. Green open access

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Abstract

This paper outlines the socio-demographic, developmental, antecedent attack, attack preparation and commission properties of 115 mass murderers between 1990 and 2014. The results indicate that mass murderer attacks are usually the culmination of a complex mix of personal, political and social drivers that crystalize at the same time to drive the individual down the path of violent action. We specifically focus upon areas related to prior criminal engagement, leakage and attack location familiarity. Whether the violence comes to fruition is usually a combination of the availability and vulnerability of suitable targets that suit the heady mix of personal and political grievances and the individual’s capability to engage in an attack from both a psychological and technical capability standpoint. Many individual cases share a mixture of unfortunate personal life circumstances coupled with an intensification of beliefs/grievances that later developed into the idea to engage in violence.

Type: Article
Title: Shooting Alone: The Pre-Attack Experiences and Behaviors of U.S. Solo Mass Murderers with Implications for Threat Assessments
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/1556-4029.13330
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13330
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Forensic science, mass murder, threat assessment, risk assessment, violence, terrorism
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Security and Crime Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1508115
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