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The Great British Medalists Project: A Review of Current Knowledge on the Development of the World's Best Sporting Talent

Rees, T; Hardy, L; Guellich, A; Abernethy, B; Cote, J; Woodman, T; Montgomery, H; ... Warr, C; + view all (2016) The Great British Medalists Project: A Review of Current Knowledge on the Development of the World's Best Sporting Talent. Sports Medicine , 46 (8) pp. 1041-1058. 10.1007/s40279-016-0476-2. Green open access

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Abstract

The literature base regarding the development of sporting talent is extensive, and includes empirical articles, reviews, position papers, academic books, governing body documents, popular books, unpublished theses and anecdotal evidence, and contains numerous models of talent development. With such a varied body of work, the task for researchers, practitioners and policy makers of generating a clear understanding of what is known and what is thought to be true regarding the development of sporting talent is particularly challenging. Drawing on a wide array of expertise, we address this challenge by avoiding adherence to any specific model or area and by providing a reasoned review across three key overarching topics: (a) the performer; (b) the environment; and (c) practice and training. Within each topic sub-section, we review and calibrate evidence by performance level of the samples. We then conclude each sub-section with a brief summary, a rating of the quality of evidence, a recommendation for practice and suggestions for future research. These serve to highlight both our current level of understanding and our level of confidence in providing practice recommendations, but also point to a need for future studies that could offer evidence regarding the complex interactions that almost certainly exist across domains.

Type: Article
Title: The Great British Medalists Project: A Review of Current Knowledge on the Development of the World's Best Sporting Talent
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s40279-016-0476-2
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-016-0476-2
Language: English
Additional information: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Sport Sciences, Youth Soccer Players, Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme, Processing Efficiency Theory, Ice Hockey Players, Team Ball Sports, Deliberate Practice, Relative Age, Mental Toughness, Retrospective Analysis, Social Support
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Experimental and Translational Medicine
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1506183
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