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Genetic testing and personalized ovarian cancer screening: a survey of public attitudes

Meisel, SF; Rahman, B; Side, L; Fraser, L; Gessler, S; Lanceley, A; Wardle, J; (2016) Genetic testing and personalized ovarian cancer screening: a survey of public attitudes. BMC Women's Health , 16 (46) 10.1186/s12905-016-0325-3. Gold open access

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Abstract

Background Advances in genetic technologies are expected to make population-wide genetic testing feasible. This could provide a basis for risk stratified cancer screening; but acceptability in the target populations has not been explored. Methods We assessed attitudes to risk-stratified ovarian cancer (OC) screening based on prior genetic risk assessment using a survey design. Home-based interviews were carried out by the UK Office of National Statistics in a population-based sample of 1095 women aged 18–74. Demographic and personal correlates of attitudes to risk-stratified OC screening based on prior genetic risk assessment were determined using univariate analyses and adjusted logistic regression models. Results Full data on the key analytic questions were available for 829 respondents (mean age 46 years; 27 % ‘university educated’; 93 % ‘White’). Relatively few respondents felt they were at ‘higher’ or ‘much higher’ risk of OC than other women of their age group (7.4 %, n = 61). Most women (85 %) said they would ‘probably’ or ‘definitely’ take up OC genetic testing; which increased to 88 % if the test also informed about breast cancer risk. Almost all women (92 %) thought they would ‘probably’ or ‘definitely’ participate in risk-stratified OC screening. In multivariate logistic regression models, university level education was associated with lower anticipated uptake of genetic testing (p = 0.009), but with more positive attitudes toward risk-stratified screening (p <0.001). Perceived risk was not significantly associated with any of the outcome variables. Conclusions These findings give confidence in taking forward research on integration of novel genomic technologies into mainstream healthcare.

Type: Article
Title: Genetic testing and personalized ovarian cancer screening: a survey of public attitudes
Open access status: An open access publication
DOI: 10.1186/s12905-016-0325-3
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12905-016-0325-3
Language: English
Additional information: Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Keywords: Stratification, Breast cancer, Ovarian cancer, Predictive genetic testing, Risk, Implementation, GERMLINE MUTATIONS, RISK PERCEPTIONS, BREAST, SUSCEPTIBILITY, PROSTATE, MORTALITY, GENOMICS, HEALTH, IMPACT, TRIAL
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Inst of Clinical Trials and Methodology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL EGA Institute for Womens Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL EGA Institute for Womens Health > Womens Cancer
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1506180
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