UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

An RYR1 mutation associated with malignant hyperthermia is also associated with bleeding abnormalities

Lopez, RJ; Byrne, S; Vukcevic, M; Sekulic-Jablanovic, M; Xu, L; Brink, M; Alamelu, J; ... Jungbluth, H; + view all (2016) An RYR1 mutation associated with malignant hyperthermia is also associated with bleeding abnormalities. Science Signaling , 9 (435) , Article ra68. 10.1126/scisignal.aad9813. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
Lopez et al An RYR1 mutation associated with malignant hyperthermia.pdf

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

Malignant hyperthermia is a potentially fatal hypermetabolic disorder triggered by halogenated anesthetics and the myorelaxant succinylcholine in genetically predisposed individuals. About 50% of susceptible individuals carry dominant, gain-of-function mutations in RYR1 [which encodes ryanodine receptor type 1 (RyR1)], though they have normal muscle function and no overt clinical symptoms. RyR1 is predominantly found in skeletal muscle but also at lower amounts in immune and smooth muscle cells, suggesting that RYR1 mutations may have a wider range of effects than previously suspected. Mild bleeding abnormalities have been described in patients with malignant hyperthermia carrying gain-of-function RYR1 mutations. We sought to determine the frequency and molecular basis for this symptom. We found that some patients with specific RYR1 mutations had abnormally high bleeding scores, whereas their healthy relatives did not. Knock-in mice with the malignant hyperthermia susceptibility RYR1 mutation Y522S (MHS RYR1Y522S) had longer bleeding times than their wild-type littermates. Primary vascular smooth muscle cells from RYR1Y522S knock-in mice exhibited a higher frequency of subplasmalemmal Ca2+ sparks, leading to a more negative resting membrane potential. The bleeding defect of RYR1Y522S mice and of one patient was reversed by treatment with the RYR1 antagonist dantrolene, and Ca2+ sparks in primary vascular smooth muscle cells from the MHS RYR1Y522S mice were blocked by ryanodine or dantrolene. Thus, RYR1 mutations may lead to prolonged bleeding by altering vascular smooth muscle cell function. The reversibility of the bleeding phenotype emphasizes the potential therapeutic value of dantrolene in the treatment of such bleeding disorders.

Type: Article
Title: An RYR1 mutation associated with malignant hyperthermia is also associated with bleeding abnormalities
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1126/scisignal.aad9813
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/scisignal.aad9813
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2016, American Association for the Advancement of Science. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of the AAAS for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Science Signaling on 5 July 2016 [Vol. 9, Issue 435, pp. ra68], DOI: 10.1126/scisignal.aad9813
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Developmental Neurosciences Dept
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Genetics and Genomic Medicine Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1504680
Downloads since deposit
164Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item