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Rapid carbon mineralization for permanent disposal of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions

Matter, JM; Stute, M; Snaebjornsdottir, SO; Oelkers, EH; Gislason, SR; Aradottir, ES; Sigfusson, B; ... Broecker, WS; + view all (2016) Rapid carbon mineralization for permanent disposal of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions. Science , 352 (6291) pp. 1312-1314. 10.1126/science.aad8132. Green open access

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Abstract

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) provides a solution toward decarbonization of the global economy. The success of this solution depends on the ability to safely and permanently store CO2. This study demonstrates for the first time the permanent disposal of CO2 as environmentally benign carbonate minerals in basaltic rocks. We find that over 95% of the CO2 injected into the CarbFix site in Iceland was mineralized to carbonate minerals in less than 2 years. This result contrasts with the common view that the immobilization of CO2 as carbonate minerals within geologic reservoirs takes several hundreds to thousands of years. Our results, therefore, demonstrate that the safe long-term storage of anthropogenic CO2 emissions through mineralization can be far faster than previously postulated.

Type: Article
Title: Rapid carbon mineralization for permanent disposal of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1126/science.aad8132
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aad8132
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Earth Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1504571
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