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Can deep learning revolutionize mobile sensing?

Lane, ND; Georgiev, P; (2015) Can deep learning revolutionize mobile sensing? In: Manweiler, J and Choudhury, RR and Rozner, E and Lane, N, (eds.) Proceedings of the 16th International Workshop on Mobile Computing Systems and Applications. (pp. pp. 117-122). Association for Computing Machinery: Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA. Green open access

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Sensor-equipped smartphones and wearables are transform- ing a variety of mobile apps ranging from health monitoring to digital assistants. However, reliably inferring user behav- ior and context from noisy and complex sensor data collected under mobile device constraints remains an open problem, and a key bottleneck to sensor app development. In recent years, advances in the field of deep learning have resulted in nearly unprecedented gains in related inference tasks such as speech and object recognition. However, although mobile sensing shares many of the same data modeling challenges, we have yet to see deep learning be systematically studied within the sensing domain. If deep learning could lead to significantly more robust and efficient mobile sensor infer- ence it would revolutionize the field by rapidly expanding the number of sensor apps ready for mainstream usage. In this paper, we provide preliminary answers to this po- tentially game-changing question by prototyping a low-power Deep Neural Network (DNN) inference engine that exploits both the CPU and DSP of a mobile device SoC. We use this engine to study typical mobile sensing tasks (e.g., activity recognition) using DNNs, and compare results to learning techniques in more common usage. Our early findings pro- vide illustrative examples of DNN usage that do not over- burden modern mobile hardware, while also indicating how they can improve inference accuracy. Moreover, we show DNNs can gracefully scale to larger numbers of inference classes and can be exibly partitioned across mobile and remote resources. Collectively, these results highlight the critical need for further exploration as to how the field of mobile sensing can best make use of advances in deep learn- ing towards robust and efficient sensor inference.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: Can deep learning revolutionize mobile sensing?
Event: 16th International Workshop on Mobile Computing Systems and Applications
ISBN-13: 9781450333917
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1145/2699343.2699349
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2699343.2699349
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions. © 2015 ACM.
Keywords: Mobile sensing, deep learning, deep neural network, activity recognition.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Computer Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1503678
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