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Applicability of a drift-flux model of aerosol deposition in a test tunnel and an indoor heritage environment

Grau-Bové, J; Strlič, M; Mazzei, L; (2016) Applicability of a drift-flux model of aerosol deposition in a test tunnel and an indoor heritage environment. Building and Environment , 106 pp. 78-90. 10.1016/j.buildenv.2016.06.024. Green open access

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Abstract

Near-wall turbulence associated with air flows parallel to walls can promote aerosol deposition. In indoor environments, where this kind of flow is frequently present, this results in local deposition gradients near ventilation inlets and outlets. This phenomenon is of special interest to the heritage field, which is often concerned about the spatial distribution of deposition and its links to environmental management. In this paper we investigate the capability of a drift-flux model of particulate matter deposition to describe this mechanism. This model has often been validated using decay rates of particulate matter concentration; however, in several indoor applications the interest is not in concentration but in the spatial distribution of the deposition flux. To test the model, we use untreated atmospheric aerosols in two different cases: an experimental tunnel designed to induce near-wall velocity gradients and an actual indoor room with various ventilation regimes. Both systems exhibit significantly inhomogeneous deposition distributions. While the first system is operated under controlled laboratory conditions, the second yields data collected in-situ during a six-month monitoring campaign. In either case the model reproduces the experimental values with enough accuracy to allow understanding how the environment behaves. This work confirms the usability of the drift-flux approach as an analysis tool for particle deposition in complex environments in a wide range of geometries.

Type: Article
Title: Applicability of a drift-flux model of aerosol deposition in a test tunnel and an indoor heritage environment
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2016.06.024
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2016.06.024
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Deposition; Aerosol; CFD; Drift-flux
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Chemical Engineering
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1503466
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