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Synthesis of superhydrophobic polymer/tungsten (VI) oxide nanocomposite thin films

Dixon, SC; Noor, N; Sathasivam, S; Lu, Y; Parkin, I; (2016) Synthesis of superhydrophobic polymer/tungsten (VI) oxide nanocomposite thin films. European Journal of Chemistry , 7 (2) pp. 139-145. 10.5155/eurjchem.7.2.139-145.1395. Green open access

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Abstract

A method is presented to enable the preparation of superhydrophobic polymer/tungsten (VI) oxide (WO3) nanocomposite coatings on glass substrates. WO3 nanoparticles were incorporated via the swell-encapsulation-shrink method into superhydrophobic silicone polymer films deposited on glass via aerosol-assisted chemical vapour deposition (AACVD) to produce the novel nanocomposite films. The technique overcomes the limitations of previous methods for nanoparticle incorporation to provide a synthetic route to previously unattainable materials. The nanocomposite films retain the properties of the superhydrophobic polymer while the presence of the nanoparticles is clearly evident. As such, the films have a range of potential applications including high surface area photocatalysis and self-cleaning photochromic or electrochromic coatings. The two-stage synthesis is shown to be flexible and suggests great scope for producing any number of future novel materials. The thin films were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), infra-red (FTIR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffractometry (XRD) and water droplet contact angle measurements.

Type: Article
Title: Synthesis of superhydrophobic polymer/tungsten (VI) oxide nanocomposite thin films
Location: US
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.7.2.139-145.1395
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.7.2.139-145.139...
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author(s). All rights reserved.
Keywords: Tungsten; Thin films; Nanoparticles; Materials science; Hydrophobic effect; Chemical vapor deposition
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Chemistry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1503280
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