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Does the configuration of the street network influence where outdoor serious violence takes place? Using space syntax to test Crime Pattern Theory

Summers, L; Johnson, SD; (2017) Does the configuration of the street network influence where outdoor serious violence takes place? Using space syntax to test Crime Pattern Theory. Journal of Quantitative Criminology , 33 (2) pp. 397-420. 10.1007/s10940-016-9306-9. Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of the physical layout of the street network on the spatial distribution of outdoor serious violence. Crime pattern theory predicts crime would be more prevalent on more connected, accessible or traveled street segments, as these will be more likely to fall within an offender’s awareness space. METHODS: The distribution of incidents of outdoor murder, attempted murder and other near-lethal violent crimes that occurred in one London (UK) borough (N = 447 offenses) was analyzed. The space syntax methodology was used to estimate the to- and through-movement potential of individual street segments. RESULTS: Regression analyses showed higher levels of integration (a measure of to-movement potential) and choice (through-movement potential) were associated with greater odds of a street segment containing at least one crime. Risk was also higher for segments located near to segments with the highest global choice values. In contrast, connectivity (the number of other segments a street segment is adjacent to) was negatively associated with crime occurrence. CONCLUSIONS: As predicted, the configuration of the street network was associated with the spatial distribution of outdoor serious violence. Crime reduction measures should be targeted at high-choice street segments (typically main arteries) and segments nearby.

Type: Article
Title: Does the configuration of the street network influence where outdoor serious violence takes place? Using space syntax to test Crime Pattern Theory
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s10940-016-9306-9
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10940-016-9306-9
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author(s) 2016. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Keywords: Street networks, Crime pattern theory, Offender awareness spaces, Violence, Space syntax
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Security and Crime Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1502484
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