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Co-dependence of the neural and humoral pathways in the mechanism of remote ischemic conditioning

Pickard, JM; Davidson, SM; Hausenloy, DJ; Yellon, DM; (2016) Co-dependence of the neural and humoral pathways in the mechanism of remote ischemic conditioning. Basic Research in Cardiology , 111 (50) 10.1007/s00395-016-0568-z. Green open access

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Abstract

The cardioprotection afforded by remote ischaemic conditioning (RIC) is mediated via a complex mechanism involving sensory afferent nerves, the vagus nerve, and release of a humoral blood-borne factor. However, it is unknown whether release of the protective factor depends on vagal activation or occurs independently. This study aimed to evaluate the co-dependence of the neural and humoral pathways of RIC, focussing on the vagus nerve and intrinsic cardiac ganglia. In the first study, anesthetised rats received bilateral cervical vagotomy or sham-surgery immediately prior to RIC (4 × 5 min limb ischemia-reperfusion) or sham-RIC. Venous blood plasma was dialysed across a 12-14 kDa membrane and dialysate perfused through a naïve-isolated rat heart prior to 35-min left anterior descending ischemia and 60-min reperfusion. In the second study, anesthetised rats received RIC (4 × 5-min limb ischemia-reperfusion) or control (sham-RIC). Dialysate was prepared and perfused through a naïve-isolated rat heart in the presence of the ganglionic blocker hexamethonium or muscarinic antagonist atropine, prior to ischemia-reperfusion as above. Dialysate collected from RIC-treated rats reduced infarct size in naïve rat hearts from 40.7 ± 6.3 to 23.7 ± 3.1 %, p < 0.05. Following bilateral cervical vagotomy, the protection of RIC dialysate was abrogated (42.2 ± 3.2 %, p < 0.05 vs RIC dialysate). In the second study, the administration of 50-μM hexamethonium (45.8 ± 2.5 %) or 100-nM atropine (36.5 ± 3.4 %) abrogated the dialysate-mediated protection. Release of a protective factor following RIC is dependent on prior activation of the vagus nerve. In addition, this factor appears to induce cardioprotection via recruitment of intrinsic cardiac ganglia.

Type: Article
Title: Co-dependence of the neural and humoral pathways in the mechanism of remote ischemic conditioning
Location: Germany
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s00395-016-0568-z
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00395-016-0568-z
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author(s) 2016 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Keywords: Autonomic nervous system, Intrinsic cardiac ganglia, Myocardial infarction, Remote ischemic conditioning, Vagus nerve
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Pre-clinical and Fundamental Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1502427
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