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The evolution of urban transport policy from car-based to people-based cities: is this development path universally applicable?

Jones, PM; (2016) The evolution of urban transport policy from car-based to people-based cities: is this development path universally applicable? In: Proceedings of the 14th World Conference on Transport Research. 14th World Conference on Transport Research: Shanghai, China. Green open access

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Abstract

In many North-west European cities, and in a smaller number in North American and more advanced Asian cities, it is possible to identify an historical 40-60 year three-stage urban transport policy development path. Stage 1 is associated with a rapid growth in car ownership and use and the provision of high capacity urban roads and extensive car parking; stage 2 with a switch in emphasis to improving high-capacity public transport, in response to concerns about negative externalities; and stage 3 with an emphasis on urban liveability and quality of life, resulting in decreasing car use and space provision, and more use of sustainable transport modes. But this path has not been followed by all cities in developed countries. The objective of the paper is to consider cities which have followed this evolutionary path, to consider why other cities have not done so, and the implications for developing cities in China.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: The evolution of urban transport policy from car-based to people-based cities: is this development path universally applicable?
Event: 14th World Conference on Transport Research
Location: Shanghai, China
Dates: 10 July 2016 - 15 July 2016
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: http://www.wctrs-conference.com/
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Urban transport policy development, Western European cities, Car dependence, Sustainable transport, Liveable cities
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Civil, Environ and Geomatic Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1502400
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