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Sixteen-year follow-up of hyperopic laser in situ keratomileusis

Dave, R; O'Brart, DP; Wagh, VK; Lim, WS; Patel, P; Lee, J; Marshall, J; (2016) Sixteen-year follow-up of hyperopic laser in situ keratomileusis. Journal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery , 42 (5) pp. 717-724. 10.1016/j.jcrs.2016.03.028. Green open access

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PURPOSE: To assess the long-term efficacy and safety of hyperopic laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, St. Thomas' Hospital, London, United Kingdom. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Hyperopic LASIK was performed using a mechanical microkeratome, an optical zone of 6.5 mm, and a blend zone of 1.5 mm. Simple hyperopia was treated. RESULTS: The mean patient age was 51.6 years (range 34 to 60 years). Preoperatively, the mean spherical equivalent (SE) was +3.74 diopters (D) (range +1.25 to +6.50 D). The mean attempted correction was +3.64 D (range +1.5 to +6.0 D). The mean follow-up was 16.5 years. The mean SE was +0.28 D (range -1.0 to +1.5 D) at 12 months, +0.84 D (range -0.75 to +3.35 D) at 5 years, and +1.74 D (range -0.75 to +4.13 D) at 16 years, representing an increase in hyperopia of +1.47 D ± 1.43 (SD) between 1 year and 16 years (P < .0001) and of +1.13 ± 0.8 D between 5 years and 16 years (P < .03). The uncorrected distance visual acuity improved at 16 years (P < .0001); corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) was unchanged (P < .2). The efficacy index was 0.5 and the safety index, 1.09. One eye (3%) lost 2 lines of CDVA. Keratometry remained stable between 1 year and 16 years (P < 1.0). Four eyes (12%) had cataract surgery, and 2 (6%) had laser iridotomy. There was no ectasia. CONCLUSIONS: After hyperopic LASIK, an increase in hyperopia occurred between 1 and 5 years and 16 years. At 16 years, efficacy was limited but with no sight-threatening complications. FINANCIAL DISCLOSURES: Dr. Marshall was a consultant to Summit Technology, Inc. Dr. O'Brart holds a noncommercial research grant from Alcon Laboratories, Inc. None of the other authors has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned.

Type: Article
Title: Sixteen-year follow-up of hyperopic laser in situ keratomileusis
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrs.2016.03.028
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrs.2016.03.028
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This is an Open Access article made available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Non-derivative 4.0 International license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). This license allows you to share, copy, distribute and transmit the work for personal and non-commercial use providing author and publisher attribution is clearly stated. Further details about CC BY licenses are available at http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by/4.0. Access may be initially restricted by the publisher.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1501843
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