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Community response in disasters: an ecological learning framework

Preston, J; Chadderton, C; Kitagawa, K; Edmonds, C; (2015) Community response in disasters: an ecological learning framework. International Journal of Lifelong Education , 34 (6) pp. 727-753. 10.1080/02601370.2015.1116116. Green open access

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Abstract

Natural disasters are frequently exacerbated by anthropogenic mechanisms and have social and political consequences for communities. The role of community learning in disasters is seen to be increasingly important. However, the ways in which such learning unfolds in a disaster can differ substantially from case to case. This article uses a comparative case study methodology to examine catastrophes and major disasters from five countries (Japan, New Zealand, the UK, the USA and Germany) to consider how community learning and adaptation occurs. An ecological model of learning is considered, where community learning is of small loop (adaptive, incremental, experimental) type or large loop (paradigm changing) type. Using this model, we consider that there are three types of community learning that occur in disasters (navigation, organization, reframing). The type of community learning that actually develops in a disaster depends upon a range of social factors such as stress and trauma, civic innovation and coercion.

Type: Article
Title: Community response in disasters: an ecological learning framework
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/02601370.2015.1116116
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1080/02601370.2015.1116116
Language: English
Additional information: © 2015 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License(http://creativecommons.org/Licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproductionin any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Community learning, disasters, international
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Education, Practice and Society
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1501607
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