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Synthesis of silver nanoparticles using a microfluidic impinging jet reactor

Baber, MR; Mazzei, L; Nguyen, T; Gavriilidis, A; (2016) Synthesis of silver nanoparticles using a microfluidic impinging jet reactor. Journal of Flow Chemistry , 6 (3) pp. 268-278. 10.1556/1846.2016.00015. Green open access

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Abstract

Synthesis of silver nanoparticles (NPs) in an impinging jet reactor (IJR) was investigated due to its unique properties of efficient mixing and lack of channel walls which avoid fouling. Silver NPs were formed at room temperature by reducing silver nitrate with sodium borohydride in the presence of sodium hydroxide. Two types of ligand were used to stabilize the NPs, trisodium citrate and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA). Weber number, the ratio between inertial forces and surface tension forces, is used to characterise flow in impinging jets. Flow regimes were investigated for Weber numbers in the range of 13-176. A liquid sheet/chain regime was identified at lower Weber numbers (< 90), and an unstable rim structure at higher Weber numbers (> 90). Mixing time was found to be in the range 1-7 ms, using the Villermaux-Dushmann reaction system and Interaction by Exchange with the Mean mixing (IEM) model. Fastest mixing occurred at Weber number ca. 90. Using trisodium citrate as a ligand, NP size decreased from 7.9±5.8 nm to 3.4±1.4 nm when flow rate was increased from 32 ml/min to 72 ml/min using 0.5 mm jets; and from 6.4±3.4 nm to 5.1±4.6 nm when flow rate was increased from 20 ml/min to 32 ml/min using 0.25 mm jets. Using PVA as a ligand, NP size decreased from 5.4±1.6 nm to 4.2±1.1 nm using 0.5 mm jets and stayed relatively constant between 4.3±1 nm to 4.7±1.3 nm using 0.25 mm jets. In general the size of the NPs decreased when mixing was faster.

Type: Article
Title: Synthesis of silver nanoparticles using a microfluidic impinging jet reactor
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1556/1846.2016.00015
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/1846.2016.00015
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Keywords: Mixing time, Impinging jets, Nanomaterials, Nanocrystallisation
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Chemical Engineering
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Physics and Astronomy
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1500925
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