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The kingdom of Portugal, homage and papal 'fiefdom' in the second half of the twelfth Century

Wiedemann, BGE; (2015) The kingdom of Portugal, homage and papal 'fiefdom' in the second half of the twelfth Century. Journal of Medieval History , 41 (4) pp. 432-445. 10.1080/03044181.2015.1083880. Green open access

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Abstract

This paper examines the relationship between the newly formed kingdom of Portugal and the papacy in the second half of the twelfth century. The kings of Portugal sought a close alliance with the papacy and their relationship has been seen as that of ‘vassal’ and overlord. However, it seems likely that this alliance owed more to the tradition of monastic protection grants. The act of homage performed to the papal legate by King Afonso I is an example of a wider use of the homage ceremony. Homage was not only used to cement ‘feudal’ bonds, but also to make peace or to confirm pacts and agreements. The annual census paid by the kingdom to Rome was part of the same grant of protectio. The papal–Portuguese letters used the same language and terminology as ecclesiastical protectio, which was awarded by the papacy to monasteries, churches and eventually kingdoms and kings.

Type: Article
Title: The kingdom of Portugal, homage and papal 'fiefdom' in the second half of the twelfth Century
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/03044181.2015.1083880
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03044181.2015.1083880
Language: English
Additional information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in the Journal of Medieval History on 7 September 2015, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/03044181.2015.1083880.
Keywords: Portugal, papacy, homage, overlordship, protectio
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of History
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1498618
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